A Gender-Aware Analysis on the Feminization of Entertainment Industry in Japan

  • Anderson V. Villa Mindanao State University – Iligan Institute of Technology; Mindanao State University — General Santos; Center for Global Studies, University of Shizuoka – Japan https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1321-908X
Keywords: gender-aware approach, entertainment, feminization, Filipino migration, Japan


This manuscript reexamines the institutionalization of the feminization of migration industry in the Philippine-Japan migration stream through a gender-aware approach. It interrogates on the reasons why Filipina migrants made their way out of the Philippines, through regular and illicit channels, to a host country like Japan despite its restrictive immigration policies. The study unpacks on the common notion that along with active state facilitation, Filipino women migrants’ mobility or those who are engaged in “nightwork” is basically mediated through the entertainment industry. This research is a product of long engagements with the respondents and various key-informants of NGOs and club owners from 2010 to 2015. The findings reveal that women migrants are able to exploit the migration industry as their personal network in alleviating their precarious status. The researcher agrees that the institutionalization of the migration through the entertainment industry from the Philippines to Japan perpetuates an exploitative woman-dominated migration stream. However, in most instances, Filipina migrants capably exploit their personal or community network formation which could also be found in the nightwork industry.